Articles in Taxonomy

Speed control by improving road legibility – Self-explaining road concepts

It is generally accepted that human error is involved in a good many road accidents. Although education, awareness and enforcement are important tools in reducing the number of accidents, it is equally crucial that the road environment and the vehicle should be adapted to the limitations of human abilities.

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Space – Speed Adaption Control by Self-Explaining Roads

The objective of the SPACE project was to identify solutions that offer the greatest potential safety gains. A literature review was made for that purpose, and a panel of experts evaluated a number of promising treatments by means of interactive visual tools and through experiments in a driving simulator.

Skid resistance / Slipperiness

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Skid resistance is defined as the frictional resistance at the interface between a vehicle tyre and the road surface. It plays an important part in the safety of road users: a correlation has been demonstrated between the skid resistance of pavements and accident rates (see the diagram opposite) [of course, there are many other possible causes of accidents: human error, vehicle technical failure, weather conditions, other infrastructure-related factors, etc.]. Wet pavement skid resistance is considered here, since dry pavement skid resistance is rarely a problem. A rough contact between the road and the tyres makes it possible to utilize the friction forces in braking. These friction forces also allow easier cornering. As a result, it is obvious that road managers should pay much attention to skid resisistance and alert road users in time of any local problem with poor skid resistance, and also that they should replace the pavement as soon as possible by an adequately skid-resistant pavement.

Road Equipment Commission (REC-E226)

The publication of the European Construction Product Directive in 1989 marked the beginning of the gradual introduction of European standardization. European standards are to replace existing Belgian standards, or at least require them to be thoroughly revised. By affixing a CE mark, the manufacturer declares that the performance characteristics of his product have been determined by the appropriate European standard and that measures have been taken for the product to continue meeting these declared characteristics.

As the actors in the road equipment branch were concerned about the impact of this European standardization, a steering committee on European standardization in the road equipment branch was formed at BRRC in the spring of 2003. The first task of this committee was to increase the awareness of, and disseminate information to, the various actors in the field: road authorities, manufacturers, specialized institutions, etc. For that purpose, a series of thematic sessions on the standardization and CE marking of road equipment was held in March 2004.

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The comfort and effectiveness of road humps

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The speed adopted when driving over a round-top road hump will depend on the discomfort it generates (expressed in terms of vertical acceleration felt by the driver). A road hump should cause little discomfort at the design speed (V85), but sufficient vertical acceleration at higher speeds to encourage drivers to reduce their maximum speeds.

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