Transport economics and mobility policy

Understanding the basic mechanism of transport economics makes it possible, with time, to define and implement potentially sustainable transport and mobility policies. Two courses of thought are developed in this process: on the one hand, using economic analysis tools (pricing and investment choice issues, financing mode) in transport economics, and, on the other, seeking to develop and implement a consistent transport policy. As a result, the following topics are discussed in this area.

Transport economics

  • The (passenger and goods) transport branch: regional, national and international developments in traffic.
  • Generalized transport costs, internal and external costs.
  • Market mechanisms: from liberalization to government interference.
  • Decisions for infrastructure: investment choices and pricing.
  • Competition in transport markets.
EU – Developments in goods transport
EU – Developments in passenger transport

Mobility policy

  • Institutions and legislation: mobility actors, planning and policy for both local and regional or national traffic and transport.
  • Mobility-explaining factors: trips, activity schemes and location of functions, modal choice.
  • Current challenges in day-to-day mobility: sustainable development (environmental, economic and social), financing, relation between land planning and mobility.

In this respect, the Mobility – Safety – Road Management Division helps policy-makers to develop their mobility policies among other things by carrying out studies for the analysis of needs and into transport pricing and taxation, by conducting traffic surveys and by making socioeconomic assessments of road projects.